Assessor: Krystal Tolley
This species is listed on CITES Appendix II, with more than 100 individuals exported since 2015 (UNEP-WCMC 2018). The species has an overall distribution area of ca. 3,00km2 but the fragmented nature of the habitat results in very localised small subpopulations (Tolley 2017, Tolley In press). Targeted collections are easy to carry out, as the habitat is highly degraded and fragmented, making chameleons easy to spot in the vegetation.
The small local subpopulations in habitat fragments are vulnerable to over-collection and could result in local extinctions. Recolonisation potential is low given that this species is a habitat specialist (da Silva & Tolley 2013, da Silva et al 2014, da Silva & Tolley 2017) and would not easily disperse between fragments.
There is permanent removal from the wild of this species (UNEP-WCMC 2018).
This species is viviparous, and other species n the genus give birth to clutches of 5-15 offspring annually (Tolley & Burger 2007). Given their life history, it is likely that the species could recover from limited permanent removals, although their habitat is highly fragmented and recolonsation potential is limited, given they are habitat specialists (da Silva & Tolley 2013). A collector could feasibly harvest and entire subpopulation in a fragment, resulting in local extinctions in these small fragments. Given the limited dispersal ability across unsuitable habitat, recolonisation potential will be low and local extinctions would persist.